of sex; but rather show how “sex” is historically subordinate
to sexuality. We must not place sex on the side of reality, and
sexuality on that of confused ideas and illusions; sexuality is
a very real historical formation; it is what gave rise to the
notion of sex, as a speculative element necessary to its operation. We must not think that by saying yes to sex, one says
no to power; on the contrary, one tracks along the course laid
out by the general deployment of sexuality. It is the agency
of sex that we must break away from, if we aim-through a
tactical reversal of the various mechanisms of sexuality-to
counter the grips of power with the claims of bodies, pleasures, and know ledges, in their multiplicity and their possibility of resistance. The rallying point for the counterattack against the deployment of sexuality ought not to be sex-desire, but bodies and pleasures."
— Michel Foucault, History of Sexuality: Volume I, an Introduction
Marie Holmes, who teaches at a high- school in New York, has had to take unpaid leave following the birth of her second child because she used up all her allocated sick leave and vacation days for her first child.
“I was not eligible for any paid maternity leave, so we had to figure out how we were going to live on one income,” she says.
“I think it is essential for working women to have access to maternity benefits so that they don’t have to make the choice between having children and having a career or a job when they need income to provide for their family.”
According to ILO research, while many more women have entered the labour market, their share has stagnated over the last two decades. In addition, occupational sex segregation and gender pay gaps persist.
Women are overrepresented in the informal economy, in precarious work and in low-paid jobs. They are also often the targets of direct and indirect discrimination."
— International Labour Organization, in “Women at work – where we are, where we want to be”